Because anal itching can also be a symptom of the cancer, many people initially attribute their bleeding and itching to hemorrhoids. Only a small percentage of tumors are found to have spread, but those that do are especially difficult to treat. They include any or a combination of the following:. This can only be done if the anal sphincter is not affected. A person with a colostomy can lead a normal life, play sports, and be sexually active. Anal cancer rarely spreads metastasizes to distant parts of the body.
What you need to know about anal cancer
Staging workup may include an abdominal and pelvic CT scan , a pelvic MRI scan to assess the pelvic lymph nodes, a chest x-ray, and liver function studies. Hospital- or clinic-based support services are an important part of your care. Experts say that anal cancer is closely associated with some HPV human papilloma virus strains. Visit our Colorectal Cancer category page for the latest news on this subject, or sign up to our newsletter to receive the latest updates on Colorectal Cancer. Finding Health Care Services. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
Anal Cancer: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments | CANCER DEADLY
They noted non-white populations experience delays in diagnosis and treatment and are less likely to receive guidelines-adherent treatment. Immunocompromised patients, such as those with HIV disease, are prone to get anal cancer. A multivariable analysis found OS was independently associated with age hazard ratio [HR], 1. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media.
Description: HPV-associated anal cancer rates by race and ethnicity. Such cancers are known as squamous cell carcinomas. Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research. The average age of diagnosis is in the early 60s. The New England Journal of Medicine.